The launch of Pioneer 4 was successful, and Pioneer 4 was the first American spacecraft to escape Earth's gravitational pull as it passed within 58,983 km of the moon (about twice the planned flyby altitude). Pioneer P-3 (Atlas-Able-4) Pioneer P-3 was launched on an Atlas-D Able rocket on November 26, 1959. Class: Moon. july 1973 < m prepared under 04 0 contract no.
What was Able 2 (Pioneer 1)? A payload shroud failure shortly after launch resulted in destruction of the spacecraft. Pioneer 10 was the first spacecraft to pass through the asteroid belt, considered a spectacular achievement, and then headed toward Jupiter. Spacecraft: Pioneer 3-4. Its electric power was supplied by four radioisotope thermoelectric generators that provided a combined 155 watts at launch.. Due to a malfunction, the spacecraft never reached the Moon but did return data on the near-Earth environment.
final report system design of the r- pioneer venus spacecraft volume 8 command/data handling c74 subsystems studies hl y ' 1974 a'm u b 44 00 en by e c o w 0. d. vesely a s et al.. u e4 =. It passed within 60,000 km of the Moon's surface. Pioneer 3 - . COSPAR: 1958-Theta-1. Accelerating to a speed of 82,000 mph, Pioneer 10 passed by Jupiter on December 3, 1973. Program: Pioneer. Pioneer 10 was assembled around a hexagonal bus with a 2.74-meter (9 ft 0 in) diameter parabolic dish high-gain antenna, and the spacecraft was spin stabilized around the axis of the antenna. Pioneer P-30 (Atlas-Able-5A) Pioneer P-30 was launched on an Atlas-D Able rocket on September 25, 1960. Failed to reach moon; provided radiation data.
A booster failure resulted in a failure to reach orbit. USAF Sat Cat: 111 . t zq 0 hughes aircraft company c0 el segundo, california a e 0 fr forl r-, Although Pioneer 3 did not achieve escape velocity, it reached an altitude of 102,332 km and discovered a second radiation belt around Earth.
Decay Date: 1958-12-07 . Pioneer 10 was the first Spacecraft to visit Jupiter and the first to traverse the Asteroid belt and to achieve solar system escape velocity and is now heading out of the Solar System. It was launched in 1972 and began photographing Jupiter from November, 1973. Nation: USA. 0 1 n s a -' 0 r v -) by i'-. The Soviet Union's Luna 1 was the first probe to do so on Jan. 2, 1959. Pioneer 4 was a spin stabilized spacecraft launched on a lunar flyby trajectory and into a heliocentric orbit making it the first US probe to escape from the Earth's gravity. It carried a payload similar to Pioneer 3: a lunar radiation environment experiment using a Geiger-Mueller tube detector and a lunar photography experiment. Agency: NASA. Mass: 6.00 kg (13.20 lb). Able 2, later named Pioneer 1, was the first spacecraft launched by NASA. Type: Lunar probe. On the second attempt, on March 3, 1959, Pioneer 4 successfully lifted off from Launch Complex 5 and became the first American spacecraft to escape Earth's gravity.