satellites, part of a precedent setting program designed to provide daily information on the health of the Planet. In addition, the differences detailed in the following sections can help you choose which satellite … Terra is the flagship of NASA's Earth Observing System, a series of satellites gazing down on our planet from the unique vantage point of space.

Terra (EOS AM) passes over the equator at approximately 10:30 am and 10:30 pm each day, Aqua (EOS PM) satellite passes over the equator at approximately 1:30 pm and 1:30 am.

Focused on measurements identified as important by U.S. and international scientists, Terra enables research into how Earth's lands, oceans, air, ice and life function together as an environmental system. The Temporal Coverage Tables on the MODIS Data Versions Web page lists the date ranges covered by each satellite. There are at least 4 daily MODIS observations for almost every area on the equator, with the number of observations increasing (due to overlapping orbits) closer to the poles. Explore recent images of property, storms, wildfires and more. Aqua (EOS PM-1) is a NASA scientific research satellite in orbit around the Earth, studying the precipitation, evaporation, and cycling of water.It is the second major component of the Earth Observing System (EOS) preceded by Terra (launched 1999) and followed by Aura (launched 2004).. The name "Aqua" comes from the Latin word for water. The Terra spacecraft, formerly known as “EOS AM-1,” is scheduled for launch Dec. 16, 1999.

It operates in a polar sun-synchronous orbit at 705 km above the Earth's surface, crossing the equator on descending passes at 10:30 AM, when daily cloud cover is typically at a minimum over land. MOPITT is one of the earliest satellite sensors to use gas correlation spectroscopy. About. Terra's orbit around the Earth is timed so that it passes from north to south across the equator in the morning, while Aqua passes south to north over the equator in the afternoon. Terra begins a new generation of Earth science - one that studies the Earth’s land, oceans, air, ice and life as a total global system. The Terra satellite was launched on December 18, 1999 and began collecting data on February 24, 2000. The sensor measures emitted and reflected radiance from the Earth in three spectral bands.

NSIDC distributes MODIS data from both the Terra and Aqua satellites. About Zoom Earth. MODIS (or Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) is a key instrument aboard the Terra (originally known as EOS AM-1) and Aqua (originally known as EOS PM-1) satellites.

As this light enters the sensor, it passes along two different paths through onboard containers of carbon monoxide.

Zoom Earth shows the latest near real-time satellite images and the best high-resolution aerial views in a fast, zoomable map. Previously known as Flash Earth.

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